Hindi kayo pwedeng pilitin ng boss niyong mag-trabaho ng overtime – bukod na lamang sa exceptional cases provided under the Labor Code.
Sa Article 89, nakalista ang limitadong circumstances kung kailan lang pwedeng i-require ng employer ang empleyadong mag-render ng overtime work.
Ayon dito- “Any employee may be required by the employer to perform overtime work in any of the following cases:
When the country is at war or when any other national or local emergency has been declared by the National Assembly or the Chief Executive;
When it is necessary to prevent loss of life or property or in case of imminent danger to public safety due to an actual or impending emergency in the locality caused by serious accidents, fire, flood, typhoon, earthquake, epidemic, or other disaster or calamity;
When there is urgent work to be performed on machines, installations, or equipment, in order to avoid serious loss or damage to the employer or some other cause of similar nature;
When the work is necessary to prevent loss or damage to perishable goods; and
Where the completion or continuation of the work started before the eighth hour is necessary to prevent serious obstruction or prejudice to the business or operations of the employer.”
Base dito- kailangang ipakita ng employer na talagang may emergency na nangangailangan ng overtime work- halimbawa, may kalamidad o may urgent work na kung hindi niyo gagawin ay makakadulot ng seryoso at grabeng pinsala sa kanila.
At kahit sa emergency circumstances- kailangan pa rin nila kayong bayaran ng additional overtime pay- na + 25% ng regular rate ng sahod.
Pwede lang parusahan ang refusal to render overtime work kung applicable ang exceptions sa forced overtime- at talagang nananadya kang suwayin ang employer with a “wrongful and perverse mental attitude”.