Ayon sa Supreme Court Administrative Circular No. 14-93 o Guidelines on Katarungang Pambarangay Conciliation Procedure, lahat ng alitan ay kailangan dumaan sa barangay conciliation bago magsampa ng kaso sa korte maliban sa mga sumusunod:
(1) Where one party is the government, or any subdivision or instrumentality thereof;
(2) Where one party is a public officer or employee, and the dispute relates to the performance of his official functions;
(3) Where the dispute involves real properties located in different cities and municipalities, unless the parties thereto agree to submit their difference to amicable settlement by an appropriate Lupon;
(4) Any complaint by or against corporations, partnerships or juridical entities, since only individuals shall be parties to Barangay conciliation proceedings either as complainants or respondents (Sec. 1, Rule VI, Katarungang Pambarangay Rules);
(5) Disputes involving parties who actually reside in barangays of different cities or municipalities, except where such barangay units adjoin each other and the parties thereto agree to submit their differences to amicable settlement by an appropriate Lupon;
(6) Offenses for which the law prescribes a maximum penalty of imprisonment exceeding one (1) year or a fine over five thousand pesos (P5,000.00); casia
(7) Offenses where there is no private offended party;
(8) Disputes where urgent legal action is necessary to prevent injustice from being committed or further continued, specifically the following:
(a) Criminal cases where accused is under police custody or detention (See Sec. 412 (b)(1), Revised Katarungang Pambarangay Law);
(b) Petitions for habeas corpus by a person illegally deprived of his rightful custody over another or a person illegally deprived of his liberty or one acting in his behalf;
(c) Actions coupled with provisional remedies such as preliminary injunction, attachment, delivery of personal property and support during the pendency of the action; and
(d) Actions which may be barred by the Statute of Limitations.
(9) Any class of disputes which the President may determine in the interest of justice or upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Justice;
(10) Where the dispute arises from the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) (Secs. 46 & 47, R.A. 6657);
(11) Labor disputes or controversies arising from employer-employee relations (Montoya vs. Escayo, et al., 171 SCRA 442; Art. 226, Labor Code, as amended, which grants original and exclusive jurisdiction over conciliation and mediation of disputes, grievances or problems to certain offices of the Department of Labor and Employment);
(12) Actions to annul judgment upon a compromise, which may be filed directly in court (See Sanchez vs. Tupaz, 158 SCRA 459).
Kung hindi saklaw sa alinman sa itaas ang isang sitwasyon, kailangan dumaan sa proseso ng katarungang pambarangay para mabigyan ng pagkakataon magkaroon ng kasunduan tungkol sa isyu bago magsampa ng kaso sa korte. Kung walang mapagkasunduan na solusyon na tanggap ng lahat ng partido, ang barangay ay magbibigay ng Certificate to File Action para magpatuloy magsampa ng kaso sa korte ang partidong nagreklamo.