Sa pangkalahatan, pwede pa ring kasuhan ang isang taong nasa ibang bansa. Gayunpaman, masasabing magiging mas mahirap ang proseso ng kaso dahil sa mga limitasyon na nasasaad sa ating Rules of Court.
Kung Civil Case ang kasong isasampa, kinakailangan kasi na mapadalhan ng Summons ang sasampahan ng kaso. Para magawa ito, nasasaad sa ating Rules of Court ang sumusunod:
Section 17. Extraterritorial service. — When the defendant does not reside and is
not found in the Philippines, and the action affects the personal status of the plaintiff
or relates to, or the subject of which is, property within the Philippines, in which the
defendant has or claims a lien or interest, actual or contingent, or in which the relief
demanded consists, wholly or in part, in excluding the defendant from any interest
therein, or the property of the defendant has been attached within the Philippines,
service may, by leave of court, be effected out of the Philippines by personal service
as under Section 6; or as provided for in international conventions to which the
Philippines is a party; or by publication in a newspaper of general circulation in such
places and for such time as the court may order, in which case a copy of the summons
and order of the court shall be sent by registered mail to the last known address of
the defendant, or in any other manner the court may deem sufficient. Any order
granting such leave shall specify a reasonable time, which shall not be less than sixty
(60) calendar days after notice, within which the defendant must answer.
Section 18. Residents temporarily out of the Philippines. — When any action is
commenced against a defendant who ordinarily resides within the Philippines, but
who is temporarily out of it, service may, by leave of court, be also effected out of
the Philippines, as under the preceding Section.
Pagdating naman sa Criminal Case, para magsimulang tumakbo ang kaso ay kailangan magkaroon ng jurisdiction ang korte sa akusado. Para mangyari ito, kailangang mahuli or sumuko ng akusado. Sa madaling sabi dapat ay makabalik muna dito ang akusado bago tumakbo ang kaso.